Smoking and heart disease go hand in hand. Picture a smoking cigarette holding hands with a diseased heart walking down the garden path. Heart disease is a preventable disease, I’m speaking of angina, coronary artery disease, atherosclerosis and heart attack. Having one or more of the risk factors or warning signs is bad enough like hypertension, obesity and high cholesterol and adding smoking to the mix is a bad combo.
Someone doesn't need to smoke to have heart disease it just adds to the inflammation. Smoking and heart disease are related due to mostly the irritation that chemicals and smoke cause in the body. Report after report indicates that smoking causes heart disease. The exact reason is clear. Ever get smoke in the eyes? Notice how new smokers cough and spit? If the smoke irritates the delicate lining of the eyes and the throat imagine what it's doing inside the body.
As the smoke gets inhaled into the body hundreds of chemicals spill into the blood stream. Those chemicals must be eliminated by the liver. The physical aspect of smoke also causes irritation to the lungs. It is a two pronged attack. The smoke irritating the lungs and the chemicals invading our inner space. Firstly, the smoke entering our lungs fills up the air spaces, the little sacs of air, alveoli. As it fills up our lungs the harsh smoke causes physical damage to the lungs damaging the membrane that is supposed to exchange air from the blood vessels into and out of the lungs. This air exchange becomes diminished and results in lower oxygen being exchanged that leaves smokers with less oxygen to fuel our cellular processes. Smokers have then less oxygen and more carbon dioxide in the blood stream.
When looking at the oxygen molecule versus the carbon dioxide molecule, oxygen is positively charged and carbon dioxide is negatively charged. Negatively charged ions change the blood chemistry to being more acidic the more acid the blood the more likely damage is to occur and irritation. Ever seen sulphuric acid burn through metal? Now I'm not saying our blood turns this acidic but the body must balance the PH in our blood to a precise level of 7.35 to 7.45. Our very bodies survival depends on this balance. Anything below a PH of 7.0 is considered acidic and anything above 7.0 is considered alkaline. Our bodies must correct this imbalance our cells function cease, namely, our bodies die. The body responds by either getting rid of negatively charged particles or getting more positively charged particles in order to remain balanced. That means to get rid of carbon dioxide or getting more oxygen. The way our bodies get rid of carbon dioxide is through the lungs or kidneys. The only way to get more oxygen is breath faster. What does that mean to smokers, they are constantly out of breath. Increased breathing or respiratory rate and increased urine output. The increased urine output causes more problems as it also eliminates water that is needed for, well, everything in the body. That leaves smokers out of breath and dehydrated. The dehydration causes cells to shrink and more damage inside the body. The chemicals that are inhaled have to be eliminated as the body sees this type of invasion as a threat.
The only the body can do that is through the liver. The liver is a massive organ second in size only to the largest organ in or on the body, the skin. The very act of processing the chemicals causes inflammation in the liver which results in fat production and high blood pressure. It's the amount of chemicals the liver must process that causes the problem, so it becomes a volume issue that can affect smoking and heart disease. As the liver becomes more inflamed, the inflammation spills out and affects the lining of the arteries and veins. Further damaging their lining from chronic inflammation. The chronic inflammation causes something that is called endothelial dysfunction. A process that is now only beginning to be studied but what they found out is startling. Endothelial dysfunction directly causes hypertension and heart disease. Not only does smoking affect the body directly it affects the body indirectly. Smoking and heart disease are interrelated, as the person smokes it causes damage that leads to heart disease.